Turkey and the European Union have reached what they have labelled an “historic” agreement over migrants, but the deal has a critical weakness, says W. Robert Pearson. Europe will not pay concessions until Turkey stems the refugee flow and accepts refugees from Europe, and Turkey will not act on refugees until it sees the money.
Turkey is confronting a nightmare as its two archenemies, President Bashar al-Assad’s regime and the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD), gain ground in Syria with the help of U.S. and Russian air cover. Many in the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) circles quietly accept that they are running out of creative ideas in Syria.
Gonul Tol, director of MEI's Center for Turkish Studies, delivered the following testimony at a hearing of the U.S. House of Representatives' Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Europe, Eurasia, and Emerging Threats on February 3, 2016.